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CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION IN THE MEDITERRANEAN
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The programme
The multilateral cross-border cooperation "Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme" is part of the new European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and of its financing instrument (ENPI, European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) for the 2007-2013 period: it includes the European Union (EU) and partner countries regions placed along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The cooperation actions defined in the Programme are complementary to those foreseen within the Euro-Mediterranean partnership launched in 1995 through the “Barcelona Process”, which continues to be a key element of the EU relations with the Mediterranean countries.
Representatives of 15 Countries (7 EU Member States and 8 Mediterranean Partner Countries) composing the Joint Task Force (TFC), have participated in the programming phase (started in September 2006), under the coordination of the Autonomous Region of Sardinia, acting as Joint Managing Authority (JMA) of the Programme.
The Joint Operational Programme, approved on August 14th by European Commission decision C(2008)4242, establishes the priorities and measures to achieve as well as the allocation of the resources for each priority and the Programme management modalities. The programme is structured according to four priorities, based on the EU orientations for the cross-border cooperation component of the ENPI: 1) promotion of socio-economic development and enhancement of territories; 2) promotion of environmental sustainability at basin level; 3) promotion of better conditions and modalities for ensuring the mobility of persons, goods and capitals; 4) promotion of cultural dialogue and local governance.
Following the launch of calls for proposals, public and private actors coming from eligible territories and organised in partnerships will have the opportunity to submit joint projects, in accordance with the Implementing Rules for the cross-border cooperation programmes (Commission Regulation (EC) No 951/2007). The main beneficiaries are: local and regional public authorities, NGOs, development agencies, universities and research institutes, local and regional private actors operating in the fields of intervention of the Programme, etc…
The operational and financial management of the Programme is ensured by the Joint Managing Authority, assisted by a Joint Technical Secretariat. The Joint Monitoring Committee, composed of the representatives of all the participating countries, is the decision-making body of the Programme: it monitors its strategy and effective implementation.
The ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme has a budget of € 173 million for the period 2007 - 2013, coming from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and from the financial allocations under the Heading 4 - EU as global partner - of the EC budget. The participating countries/beneficiaries will add to this amount a minimum co-financing of 10% on each financed project.

Background
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was developed in the context of the EU 2004 enlargement, with the objective of avoiding the emergence of new dividing lines between the enlarged EU and its neighbours and instead strengthening stability, security and well-being for all concerned. Throughout the ENP, the EU offers its neighbours a privileged relationship, building upon a mutual commitment to common values (democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development). Since 2007, the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) has replaced the previous geographic and thematic EC assistance programmes.
A specific and innovative feature of the ENPI is its cross-border cooperation (CBC) component, which aims at reinforcing cooperation between the territories located along the EU external borders. The joint operational programmes implemented within this framework bring together regions of Members States and partner countries sharing a land or maritime common border. Two types of programmes are established: bilateral, for common land borders (or short sea crossing), and multilateral, covering a sea basin. The "Mediterranean Sea Basin" Programme is one of the latter.


• Documents
- ENPI CBC Med Programme approved by the European Commission
- Presentation of the Programme
- Map of the Programme


• Related links
- ENPI CBC Programmes
- European Neighbourhood Policy
- European Regional Policy
- Barcelona Process
Programme financed by the European Union
Europeaid Co-operation office
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